Are closed systems a closed book?

Pre-commission cleaning of closed circuit pipework systems, and the subsequent monitoring of water quality, are essential in any building. Getting either wrong can mean disruption to occupants while systems are re-cleaned or, in the worst cases, complete closure of buildings while entire systems are ripped out and replaced due to early failure.

However, according to Dr Pamela Simpson, a specialist in water microbiology who established water quality specialists, Whitewater Technologies, in 1998, and, Chris Parsloe, of Parsloe Consulting, although the risks associated with open systems (where the circulating water might come into contact with humans) are generally appreciated, there is less awareness of the problems that can affect closed systems.

Read the full article in the November 2015 edition of Health Estate Journal.

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